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Spanish language Spanish-English Spelling Equivalents

Because Spanish and English both have a lot of Latin influence, there are a number of spelling tricks that can help you to:

  1. Recognize Spanish words (cognates)
  2. Spell Spanish words (common spelling equivalents)

But be careful - this chart is just a guideline. As always, there are thousands of exceptions. In addition, you need to watch out for falsos amigos.

SUFFIXES  
Spanish English Spanish ex. English Lesson
-ado
-ido
-ed hablado
asistido
talked
helped
Past participle
-al -al personal
infernal
personal
infernal
  
-ando
-iendo
-ing entrando
ocurriendo
entering
occurring
Present participle
-ano/ana -an americano
mejicano
American
Mexican
Nationalities
-ante -ant militante
militant
-ar
-er
-ir
to + verb entrar
depender
ocurrir
to enter
to depend
to occur
Infinitives
-arquía -archy anarquía
monarquía
anarchy
monarchy
-ción -tion nación
tradición
nation
tradition
-cracia -cracy democracia
teocracia
democracy
theocracy
-dad -ty finalidad
nacionalidad
finality
nationality
-dor -tor educador
narrador
educator
narrator
 
-encia -ence dependencia
violencia
dependence
violence
-ente -ent aparente
permanente
apparent
permanent
-eza -ness tristeza
franqueza
sadness
frankness
-filo/a -phile hispanófilo Hispanophile
-fobo/a -phobe hispanófobo Hispanophobe
-ica
-ico
-ic
-ical
música
lírico
music
lyrical
-ificar -ify identificar
verificar
identify
verify
 
-ismo
-isma
-ism modernismo
cisma
modernism
schism
-ista -ist lista
purista
list
purist
-ivo -ive votivo
pensativo
votive
pensive
-izar -ize [a]
-ise [b]
idealizar
realizar
idealize/idealise
realize/realise
-mente -ly

rápidamente
posiblemente

rapidly
possibly
Adverbs
-mento
-miento
-ment pavimento
adelantamiento
pavement
advancement
-no -nal nocturno
eterno
nocturnal
eternal
-or(a) -er
-or
cantor
jugador
autor
singer
player
author
Professions
-oria
-orio
-ory obligatorio
memoria
obligatory
memory
  
-osa
-oso
-ous nervioso
famoso
nervous
famous
-ro -er [a]
-re [b]
metro
teatro
meter/metre
theater/theatre  
-sión -sion conclusión
tensión
conclusion
tension
-tud -tude plenitud
latitud
plenitude
latitude
  

PREFIXES

es- s- especial
estupendo
special
stupendous
inm- imm- inmediato
inmigrar
immediate
immigrate
trans-
tras-
trans- transportación
trasplantar
transportation
transplant
  

ANYWHERE IN WORD

-c-
-qu-
-k- quiosco kiosk
-cu- -qu- ecuador
cuantificar
equator
quantify
-f- -ph- teléfono
fotografía
telephone
photograph
-t- -th- teatro
mito
theater
myth

Symbol key:

(x)  The letters in (parentheses) indicate extra letter needed for the feminine form of the Spanish suffix.
/xx  The letters after the /slash indicate that the feminine noun or adjective has a different suffix.
[a]  Applies mainly to American English.
[b]  Applies to British English.

  

Spanish Vocabulary     Spanish for Beginners

  

  

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