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Spanish language Present Perfect Subjunctive ~ Perfecto de subjuntivo

The present perfect subjunctive, also known as the past or perfect subjunctive, is used when a verb or expression requiring the subjunctive in the main clause is in the present, future, or present perfect. You might notice that the same definition holds true for the regular (present) subjunctive, so what's the difference? The present subjunctive is used when the dependent clause is in the present or future, while the present perfect subjunctive is used when the dependent clause is in the past.

For example, if you want to say "I doubt you'll do it," you'd use the present subjunctive: Dudo que lo hagas. But if you wanted to say "I doubt that you did it," you'd use the present perfect subjunctive: Dudo que lo hayas hecho.

Another example: "It's good that he is studying" - Es bueno que estudie vs "It's good that he studied" - Es bueno que haya estudiado.

Conjugating the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive

The present perfect subjunctive is a compound verb formed with the subjunctive of the auxiliary verb haber + the past participle of the main verb.

HABLAR

yo haya hablado nosotros hayamos hablado
hayas hablado vosotros hayáis hablado
él
ella
Ud.
haya hablado ellos
ellas
Uds.
hayan hablado
  

SALIR

yo haya salido nosotros hayamos salido
hayas salido vosotros hayáis salido
él
ella
Ud.
haya salido ellos
ellas
Uds.
hayan salido

 

Using the Subjunctive:

Spanish Subjunctive Tenses:

Spanish Verbs     Spanish for Beginners

 

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