|Spanish Perfect Infinitive ~ Infinitivo
The Spanish perfect infinitive indicates an action that occurred
before the action of the main verb, but only when the subject of
both verbs is the same. The perfect infinitive sounds awkward in
English - we usually change it to another tense or reword the
sentence completely, as you can see in the following examples:
Espero haber terminado antes del mediodÃa.
||I hope to have finished (to finish) by noon.
|Gracias por habernos invitado.
||Thank you for having invited us (for inviting us).
The Spanish perfect infinitive is a compound
tense formed with the
of the auxiliary verb haber plus the
past participle of the main verb.
Since the infinitive auxiliary verb is unconjugated, the past infinitive is
the same for all subjects. In addition, the past participle is invariable.
Uses of the Spanish perfect infinitive:
|Quisiera haber comido...
||I want to have eaten...
|Ella quisiera haber comido...
||She wants to have eaten...
|QuisiÃ©ramos haber comido...
||We want to have eaten...
A. To modify the verb in the main clause:
|Se disculpÃ³ por haber olvidado
||He apologized for forgetting
|Â¿Recuerdas haber ido a EspaÃ±a?
||Do you remember going to Spain?
B. To modify the adjective in the main clause:
|Estoy encantada de haberte visto
||I'm delighted to see you.
|Era necesario haberlo terminado.
||It was necessary to have it finished.
C. With the preposition despuÃ©s
|DespuÃ©s de haber comido, fui al parque
||After eating, I went to the park
|QuerÃa viajar despuÃ©s de haber terminado mis estudios
||I wanted to travel after finishing my studies
D. When expressing gratitude:
|Gracias por habernos ayudado.
||Thank you for helping us.
|Gracias por haber venido.
||Thanks for coming.
Notes on word order
Unlike other compound tenses, object
pronouns used with the perfect infinitive are attached to the end of the
auxiliary - learn more.
|DespuÃ©s de haberte visto...
||After seeing you...
|Gracias por haberme ayudado.
||Thanks for helping me.
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