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Spanish language Spanish Verbs - Regular -IR Verbs

There are 5 main kinds of verbs in Spanish: -AR, -ER, -IR, stem-changing, and irregular. Once you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the first three kinds of verbs, you should have no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. The third biggest category of verbs is those that end in -IR.

Here are some of the many -IR verbs that you will soon be able to conjugate:

abrir to open
añadir to add
asistir to attend
describir to describe
discutir to discuss
escribir to write
interrumpir to interrupt
ocurrir to occur
partir to leave
recibir to receive
subir to go up, climb
sufrir to suffer
vivir to live

The verb form that ends in -IR is called the infinitive. -IR is the infinitive ending. The English infinitive has the word "to" in front of the verb. The verb without the -IR is called the stem or radical.

To conjugate an -IR verb, remove the infinitive ending and then add the appropriate endings, as follows:

Singular       

Plural

1st person     yo -o nosotros  -imos
2nd person -es vosotros -ís
3rd person él -e ellos -en

Thus to conjugate abrir, you would remove the infinitive ending to find the radical abr- and then add the appropriate endings:

ABRIR

Singular       

Plural

1st person    yo abro nosotros  abrimos
2nd person abres vosotros abrís
3rd person él abre ellos abren

Note that the conjugations for -AR , -ER, and -IR verbs are very similar. Where -AR verbs have an A, -ER verbs have an E. -IR verbs are identical to -ER verbs except in the nosotros and vosotros forms.

Test on -IR verbs     More Verb Lessons

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