There are about a dozen Spanish verbs which must be conjugated with an
indirect object pronoun. This grammatical construction does not exist in
English, but it's not difficult once you get used to it.
The following verbs require an indirect object pronoun (the le
represents the pronoun in the infinitive):
to suit, be good for
to love something
to be excited about something
to be missing something, to not have
to fascinate, to be fascinated by
to need something
to care about something, to mind
to be interested in
to have something left
to have more than enough of something
to be one's turn
OK, so here's how it works. The indirect object precedes the verb. The verb
can only be conjugated in the third person singular or plural, depending on
the grammatical number of the subject which follows.
For example: I care about school. School is singular, so the verb,
importar, will be in the third person singular, and we end up with Me
importa la escuela (literally School is important to me).
In the sentence I like books, the subject is plural, so the verb
will be conjugated in the third person plural: Me gustan los libros
(literally Books are liking to me).
This construction can also be used with an infinitive as the subject: We
like to read - Nos gusta leer.
The following table shows conjugations for indirect object pronoun verbs.
GUSTAR - to like
Note: Le can refer to him, her,
it, or you (Ud.) and les can refer to them or you (Uds.), so to
clarify, you can add a + person at the beginning of the sentence.
(Remember that the preposition a must be used whenever a verb is
followed by a person - more
He likes art - A él le gusta el arte.
Ana has 100 pesos left - A Ana le quedan 100 pesos.
They are excited about traveling - A ellos les entusiasma viajar.