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Spanish language Spanish Imperative - Imperativo

The imperative is a verb mood used to give a command, either affirmative (Go!) or negative (Don't go!).

The Spanish imperative exists for 5 different grammatical people: tú, Ud., nosotros, vosotros, and Uds.

Espera a tu hermano.   Wait for your brother.
No escriba en su libro. Don't write in your book.
Hablemos de otra cosa. Let's talk about something else.
¡No gritéis! Don't shout!
Contesten las preguntas. Answer the questions.

Conjugations

The imperative for all commands for Ud., Uds., and nosotros and for negative commands for tú and vosotros are formed as follows:

Regular -AR verbs: Take the present tense of the verb and change the A at the beginning of the suffix to E.

Present tense Imperative(s)
tú estudias   no estudies
Ud. estudia estudie, no estudie
nosotros estudiamos estudiemos, no estudiemos
vosotros estudiáis no estudiéis
Uds. estudian estudien, no estudien

Regular -ER verbs: Change the E at the beginning of the suffix to A.

tú bebes   no bebas
Ud. bebe beba, no beba
nosotros bebemos bebamos, no bebamos
vosotros bebéis no bebáis
Uds. beben beban, no beban

Regular -IR verbs:

  • For , Ud., and Uds., change the E at the beginning of the suffix to A.
  • Nosotros: Change the I at the beginning of the suffix to A.
  • Vosotros: Change Í to ÁI.
tú abres   no abras
Ud. abre abra, no abra
nosotros abrimos abramos, no abramos
vosotros abrís no abráis
Uds. abren abran, no abran

Notes:

  • The imperative endings for -ER and -IR verbs are identical.
  • Spanish imperative conjugations are the same as subjunctive conjugations.

Affirmative commands with tú and vosotros are conjugated a bit differently.

  • : Take the present tense and drop the final S: estudias --> estudia, bebes --> bebe, abres --> abre.
  • Vosotros: Take the infinitive and replace the final R with a D: estudiar --> estudiad, beber --> bebed, abrir --> abrid.

  

Imperative with Object Pronouns     Indirect Commands

More Verb Lessons      Spanish for Beginners

  

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