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Spanish language Spanish Verbs - Regular -ER Verbs

There are 5 main kinds of verbs in Spanish: -AR, -ER, -IR, stem-changing, and irregular. Once you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the first three kinds of verbs, you should have no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. The second biggest category of verbs is those that end in -ER.

Here are some of the many -ER verbs that you will soon be able to conjugate:

aprender to learn
barrer to sweep
beber to drink
comer to eat
comprender to understand
correr to run
deber to have to, should
leer to read
meter to put, insert
prender to catch, turn on
romper to break
temer to fear, dread
toser to cough
vender to sell

The verb form that ends in -ER is called the infinitive. -ER is the infinitive ending. The English infinitive has the word "to" in front of the verb. The verb without the -ER is called the stem or radical.

To conjugate an -ER verb, remove the infinitive ending and then add the appropriate endings, as follows:

Singular       

Plural

1st person     yo -o nosotros  -emos
2nd person -es vosotros -éis
3rd person él -e ellos -en

Thus to conjugate aprender, you would remove the infinitive ending to find the radical aprend- and then add the appropriate endings:

APRENDER

Singular       

Plural

1st person    yo aprendo nosotros  aprendemos
2nd person aprendes vosotros aprendéis
3rd person él aprende ellos aprenden

Note that the conjugations for -AR , -ER, and -IR verbs are very similar. Where -AR verbs have an A, -ER verbs have an E. -IR verbs are identical to -ER verbs except in the nosotros and vosotros forms.

Test on -ER verbs     More Verb Lessons

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