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Spanish languageSpanish Subordinating Conjunctions - Conjunciones de subordinación

Coordinating conjunctions | Subordinating conjunctions

Subordinating conjunctions join dependent (subordinate) clauses to main clauses. You can recognize a dependent clause by the fact that it cannot stand alone - its meaning is incomplete without the main clause.

1. Dije que estoy ocupado. - I said that I am busy.

The main clause is I said. What did I say? That I am busy. "I am busy" is incomplete without "I said." I might not in fact be busy, but I said that I was.

2.Como no tengo dinero, no puedo ir. - Since I don't have any money, I can't go.

The main clause is I can't go. Why can't I go? Because I don't have any money. The idea here is not that I don't want to go, but the fact that I can't go since I don't have any money.

3. Te lo diré cuando nos veamos. - I will tell you when I see you.

The main clause is I will tell you. When will I tell you? When I see you. So "I will tell you" is incomplete without the juxtaposition "when I see you."

Some common Spanish subordinating conjunctions:

a condición de que on the condition that
a fin de que so that
a menos que unless
antes (de) que before
aunque even though
bien que even though
como as, since
con tal (de) que provided that, as long as
cuando when
en caso de que in case
en vista de que in view of the fact htat
hasta que until
mientras que provided that, as long as
para que so that
por miedo de que for fear that
porque because
pues for, because
puesto que since
que that
si if
sin que without
siempre que provided that, as long as
tan pronto como as soon as
ya que since

Note that many of these conjunctions must be followed by the subjunctive.

Coordinating Conjunctions

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