Clauses - Spanish If-Then Clauses: Unlikely or Currently Contrary Situations
Spanish si clauses, also known as conditionals or conditional sentences,
are used to express what could happen if some condition is met. There are
three different kinds of si clauses. In this lesson, we'll look at the
second most common type of si clause: unlikely or currently contrary
situations. I call these "currently contrary" because the situation
described is not currently true. But if the situation changed, the result
clause would be able to occur.
The currently contrary si-clause, known as the second conditional, is
expressed as follows: the condition clause (which starts with si) requires
imperfect subjunctive, while the
result clause takes the conditional. The
order of the clauses is unimportant.
Si tuviera dinero, iría contigo - If I had money, I would go with
you. Iría contigo si tuviera dinero - I would go with you if I had money.
(I don't have any money so I can't go, but if I did [currently contrary], I
would be able to.)
Si fueras con nosotros, podrías ver a tu hermano.
- If you went with us, you could see your brother. Podrías ver a tu hermano si fueras con nosotros. - You could see your
brother if you went with us.
(You say you don't want to go with us, so you won't see your brother, but if
you did go with us [currently contrary], you would see him.)