Spanish languageShort Spanish Adjectives - Shortened Adjective Forms

There are several Spanish adjectives that have a shortened form when they precede certain nouns.

I. The most common shortened adjectives are those that drop the final -o in front of a masculine singular noun.

normal shortened meaning
alguno algún some
bueno buen good
malo mal bad
ninguno ningún no, none
postrero postrer last, final
primero primer first
tercero tercer third
uno un one, a

Note that algún and ningún require the addition of an accent in order to maintain the proper word stress.

II. The adjective Santo is shortened to San when it precedes most masculine saints' names.

  San Diego San José San Juan
  San Luís San Miguel San Tobías
exceptions: Santo Domingo Santo Tomás Santo Toribio

III. There are two adjectives which are shortened before a noun of either gender:

grande gran big
cualquiera cualquier any

IV. Ciento is shortened to cien when it precedes a plural noun of either gender or when it multiplies a number.

ciento veinte 120
cien euros 100 euros
cien mil 100,000


Spanish Adjectives:     Introduction     Position

More Spanish Grammar     Spanish for Beginners


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