Demonstrative Pronouns ~ Pronombres demostrativos
Demonstrative pronouns (this one,
that one, the one[s], these,
those) refer to a
previously-mentioned noun in a sentence.
Spanish demonstrative pronouns are more complicated than their English
counterparts, because there are different sets and because they must agree
in gender and number with the noun they replace.
The three sets of Spanish demonstrative pronouns are Ã©ste
(this one - something near the speaker), Ã©se
(that one - something near the listener), and aquÃ©l
(those - something far from both the speaker and listener). Note that Spanish
demonstrative pronouns are the same as
demonstrative adjectives with the addition of an accent over the stressed
vowel. There is also a neuter demonstrative pronoun in each set, which does not
have an accent.
Demonstrative pronouns are used to replace a demonstrative adjective + noun,
or simply refer back to a previously-mentioned/implied noun without repeating
|Â¿QuÃ© chica lo hizo, Ã©sta o Ã©sa?
||Which girl did it, this one or that one?
|Estoy leyendo Ã©so.
||I'm reading this (one).
|Quiero mirar esta pelÃcula, no me gusta aquÃ©lla.
||I want to see this movie; I don't like that one.
|Todos los perros son lindos, pero prefiero Ã©ste.
||All the dogs are cute, but I prefer this one.
|Ã‰stos son mÃ¡s caros que Ã©sos.
||These are more expensive than those.
|Ã‰ste can mean "latter," while aquÃ©l can mean "former."
|LuÃs y Ana van a ayudarnos. AquÃ©l ya estÃ¡ aquÃ, y Ã©sta
llegarÃ¡ a las dos.
||LuÃs and Ana are going to help up. The former (LuÃs) is
already here, and the latter (Ana) will arrive at 2 o'clock.
|Neuter pronouns / Indefinite
|Neuter pronouns, also known as indefinite demonstrative
pronouns, refer to unspecified or unknown nouns, situations, and ideas.
Note that these never have an accent.
|Â¿QuÃ© es esto?
||What is this?
|Eso es imposible.
||That is impossible.
|Por eso, no puedo hacerlo.
||Therefore (because of that), I can't do it.
|Aquello no es necesario.
||That's not necessary.
Each set of Spanish demonstrative pronouns corresponds with a different place
aquÃ - here
ahÃ - there
allÃ - over there
More Spanish Grammar
Spanish for Beginners