Demonstrative pronouns (this one,
that one, the one[s], these,
those) refer to a
previously-mentioned noun in a sentence.
Spanish demonstrative pronouns are more complicated than their English
counterparts, because there are different sets and because they must agree
in gender and number with the noun they replace.
The three sets of Spanish demonstrative pronouns are éste
(this one - something near the speaker), ése
(that one - something near the listener), and aquél
(those - something far from both the speaker and listener). Note that Spanish
demonstrative pronouns are the same as
demonstrative adjectives with the addition of an accent over the stressed
vowel. There is also a neuter demonstrative pronoun in each set, which does not
have an accent.
Demonstrative pronouns are used to replace a demonstrative adjective + noun,
or simply refer back to a previously-mentioned/implied noun without repeating
¿Qué chica lo hizo, ésta o ésa?
Which girl did it, this one or that one?
Estoy leyendo éso.
I'm reading this (one).
Quiero mirar esta película, no me gusta aquélla.
I want to see this movie; I don't like that one.
Todos los perros son lindos, pero prefiero éste.
All the dogs are cute, but I prefer this one.
Éstos son más caros que ésos.
These are more expensive than those.
Éste can mean "latter," while aquél can mean "former."
Luís y Ana van a ayudarnos. Aquél ya está aquí, y ésta
llegará a las dos.
Luís and Ana are going to help up. The former (Luís) is
already here, and the latter (Ana) will arrive at 2 o'clock.