Possessive adjectives are the words used in place of
articles to indicate to whom
or to what
something belongs. Their usage is similar to English, but there are some
differences in form. In Spanish there are different forms of possessive
adjectives depending on whether the noun is masculine or feminine, singular or
plural. There are also two different sets of possessive adjectives:
short/unstressed forms (explained in this lesson) and
The following table shows the short forms of Spanish possessives. Don't worry
- I'll explain them all below.
his, her, your (Ud.)
their, your (Uds.)
Spanish has many more possessives than English. For 2nd and 3rd person plural
subjects (nosotros, vosotros), there are four forms of the possessive. The
and number of the noun possessed determine which form to use.
masc sing: pencil
fem sing: pen
masc plural: books
fem plural: tables
Singular subjects (I, you, he) and third person plural (they) have only two
forms: singularand plural.
An important difference between Spanish and English is in the third person.
In English you have to choose between his, her, its, and their, whereas in
Spanish there is no distinction by gender, only by number. Su and
sus can each mean his, her, its, your, or their depending on the context.
Su cama can mean his bed, her bed, its bed (e.g., the dog's), your bed, or