Spanish language Adjetivos demostrativos - Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives (this, that, these, those) are words which indicate a specific noun. Spanish demonstrative adjectives are more complicated than their English counterparts, because there are three different sets, as explained below. Remember that all Spanish adjectives must agree in gender and number with the noun they modify.

The three sets of Spanish demonstrative adjectives are este (this - something near the speaker), ese (that - something near the listener), and aquel (that - something far from both the speaker and listener).

this that that
masculin singular este ese aquel
feminine singular esta esa aquella
masculin plural estos esos aquellos
feminine plural estas esas aquellas

Because both ese and aquel mean "that," I've added phrases into the English translations in order to clarify the difference between these two demonstrative adjectives.

Este profesor habla mucho.

This teacher talks a lot.
Esa camisa es bonita. That shirt (you're wearing) is pretty.
Aquellos estudiantes no comprenden. Those students (over there) don't understand.
Esta chica está lista. This girl is ready.
Esos libros son estúpidos. Those books (you just picked up) are stupid.
Me gusta aquella casa. I like that house (on the other side of the street).

Each set of Spanish demonstrative adjectives corresponds with at least one place word.

este aquí or acá - here
ese ahí - there
aquel allí or allá - over there


Test on demonstrative adjectives

Demonstrative pronouns

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