Demonstrative adjectives (this,
those) are words which indicate a specific noun. Spanish demonstrative
adjectives are more complicated than their English counterparts, because there
are three different sets, as explained below. Remember that all Spanish
adjectives must agree in gender and number with the noun they modify.
The three sets of Spanish demonstrative adjectives are
(this - something near the speaker), ese
(that - something near the listener), and aquel
(that - something far from both the speaker and listener).
Because both ese and
aquel mean "that," I've added phrases into the
English translations in order to clarify the difference between these two
Este profesor habla mucho.
This teacher talks a lot.
Esa camisa es bonita.
That shirt (you're wearing) is pretty.
Aquellos estudiantes no comprenden.
Those students (over there) don't understand.
Esta chica está lista.
This girl is ready.
Esos libros son estúpidos.
Those books (you just picked up) are stupid.
Me gusta aquella casa.
I like that house (on the other side of the street).
Each set of Spanish demonstrative adjectives corresponds with at least one place