An adverb is an invariable
word that modifies a verb, an
adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs
can provide additional information about manner, quantity, frequency, time, or
place. Adverbs explain when, how, where, how often, or to what degree something
Some common Spanish adverbs:
*Nearly every Spanish word that ends in -mente is an
adverb, usually of manner. Its English equivalent ends in -ly:
rápidamente - rapidly
posiblemente - possibly
tristemente - sadly
The placement of Spanish adverbs
can be difficult. Whereas in English their placement is sometimes arbitrary
(they might be found before or after the verb, or even at the beginning or end
of the sentence), the placement rules for Spanish
are much stricter.
1. When a Spanish adverb
is modifying a verb, it is placed
Comimos bien este mañana.
We ate well this morning.
Los libros llegaron afortunadamente.
Fortunately the books arrived. OR The books arrived, fortunately.
2. An adverb cannot be placed in
between two verbs or between an auxiliary verb and main verb; it is placed after
both of them.
Vamos a comer bien.
We're going to eat well.
Has aprendido rápidamente.
You have learned quickly OR You have quickly learned.
3. When an adverb is modifying an adjective
or another adverb, is is placed
in front of the word it is modifying.
Comimos muy bien.
We ate very well.
Sus ideas son completamente locas.
His ideas are completely crazy.
There are more rules to the placement and uses of Spanish adjectives, but
these three apply to the majority of situations. An upcoming lesson will have