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Spanish languageSpanish Adjectives

This is a list of all of the adjective lessons currently available on this site.

Introduction to Adjectives
An adjective is a word that describes a noun. Adjectives can describe shape, color, size, and many other things about a noun. Spanish adjectives are very different from English adjectives, for two reasons.

Augmentatives (-on, -azo, -ote, -acho)
In Spanish, suffixes called augmentatives can be added to nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and names to indicate bigness, as well as other ideas such as excessiveness, contempt, or disdain. In this way, you can say that something is big without adding an adjectives like grande to indicate bigness or repugnante to indicate contempt.

Demonstrative Adjectives (Este, Eso, Aquel)
Demonstrative adjectives (this, that, these, those) are words which indicate a specific noun. Spanish demonstrative adjectives are more complicated than their English counterparts, because there are three different sets and they must agree in gender and number with the noun they modify.

Diminutives (-ito, -illo)
In Spanish, suffixes called diminutives can be added to nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and names to indicate smallness, as well as other ideas such as affection, humor, pity, irony, or ridicule. In this way, you can say that something is little without adding an adjectives like pequeño to indicate smallness or querido to indicate affection, etc.

Exclamative Adjectives (¡Qué...!)
In Spanish, many exclamations are formed with ¡qué! Although these constructions might seem very simple, there are actually some strict rules about the grammar used in them.

Indefinite Adjectives (Cada, Mucho, Otro...)
Affirmative indefinite adjectives are used to modify nouns in a unspecific sense.

Intensifiers (Muy, -ísimo)
In Spanish, there are a number of words as well as one suffix that can be used to intensify the meaning of other words. Intensifiers are not the same thing as comparatives, superlatives, or augmentatives.

Interrogative Adjectives (Qué, Cuál, Cuánto)
Qué, cuál, and cuánto are Spanish interrogative adjectives. An adjective is a word that modifies a noun, and interrogative means questioning, so interrogative adjectives are adjectives used to ask the questions what, which, and how much/many.

Negative Adjectives (Ningún, Ninguna...)
Spanish negative adjectives, sometimes called indefinite negative adjectives, negate, refuse, or cast doubt on a existence of the noun that they modify.

Position of Spanish Adjectives
Spanish adjectives may be found before or after the nouns they modify, depending on various factors. Generally speaking, descriptive adjectives follow nouns, while limiting adjectives precede nouns.

Possessive Adjectives (Mi, Tuyo...)
Possessive adjectives indicate to whom or to what something belongs. In Spanish, there are two different sets of possessive adjectives: long/stressed forms and short/unstressed forms.

Relative Adjective (Cuyo)
Cuyo is a relative adjective that means whose, of whom, or of which. Like other Spanish adjectives, cuyo agrees with the noun it modifies in gender and number. Cuyo is used to indicate the noun who or which is the object of the clause that follows.

Short Spanish Adjectives (Gran, Buen, Primer...)
There are several Spanish adjectives that have a shortened form when they precede certain nouns.

Todo
Learn how to "conjugate" and use the versatile Spanish word todo.

Spanish Grammar Index

  

Recommended Book

coverEnglish Grammar for Students of Spanish
Many English-speaking students have difficulty mastering Spanish grammar because they've never understood their own. This book is the answer: simple but thorough explanations of English grammar and its Spanish equivalents. 

    

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