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Spanish language Adjetivos - Spanish Adjectives

An adjective is a word that describes a noun. Adjectives can describe shape, color, size, and many other things about a noun.

Spanish adjectives are very different from English adjectives, for two reasons:

1. Whereas in English, adjectives are always found in front of the noun, Spanish adjectives usually follow the noun that they modify.

2. Spanish adjectives change to agree in gender and number with the nouns that they modify. This means that there can be up to four forms of each adjective: masculine singular, feminine singular, masculine plural, and feminine plural. But not to worry, we'll go over everything right here. If you've already studied the noun lesson, some of these rules will look familar to you.

I. Most Spanish adjectives end in o. To make them feminine, change the o to an a. To make them plural, add -s.

singular plural    singular plural
masc blanco blancos malo malos
fem blanca blancas mala malas

II. When the adjective ends in a or e, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms, and the plural is created by adding -s.

singular plural    singular plural
masc triste tristes realista realistas
fem triste tristes realista realistas

III. When the adjective ends in any consonant except n, r, or z, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms, and the plural is created by adding -es.

singular plural
masc fácil fáciles
fem fácil fáciles

IV. When the adjective ends in z, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms, and the plural is created by changing the z to a c and adding -es. (Why is this?)

singular plural
masc feliz felices
fem feliz felices

V. For adjectives that end in n or r, the feminine is created by adding an a, the masculine plural by adding -es and the feminine plural by adding -as. Peor and mejor are exceptions; they follow rule III.

singular plural
masc hablador habladores
fem habladora habladoras

  

Position of Spanish Adjectives     Spanish adjectives

More Spanish Grammar     Spanish for Beginners

  

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